If you find you need to change the case of existing text, you can do so with the Multiline Text Editor. Here are the steps. You don’t need to apply these steps to your drawing exercises.
- Choose Modify > Text or enter MT to start the editor.
- Highlight the text you want to change.
- Right-click, then select Change Case > UPPERCASE or Change Case > lowercase, depending on which option you want.
- Click OK to exit the Multiline Text Editor.
If you want new text to be all uppercase, double-click the AutoCAD button in the lower-right corner of the Multiline Text Editor.
This turns on the Caps Lock on your keyboard. You can do this before importing text to convert an external file to all caps while it is being imported.
Understanding text and Scale
In the first few exercises of this chapter, you were asked to make the text height 6 inches. This is necessary to give the text the proper scale for the drawing. But where did we come up with the number 6? Why not 4 or 10? The 6-inch height was derived by carefully considering the desired final height of the text in relation to the designated scale of the drawing. Just as in Chapter 3 where you applied a scale factor to a drawing’s final sheet size to accommodate a full-scale drawing, you need to make a scale conversion for your text size to make the text conform’ to the drawing’s intended scale.
Text scale conversion is a concept many people have difficulty grasping. As you discovered in previous chapters, AutoCAD allows you to draw at full scale, that is, to represent distances as values equivalent to the actual size of the object. When you later plot the drawing, you tell AutoCAD at what scale you wish to plot and the program reduces the drawing accordingly. This allows you the freedom to enter measurements at full scale and. Oil..worry about converting them to various scales every time you enter a distance. Unfortunately, this feature can also create problems when you enter text and dimensions. Just as you had to convert the plotted sheet size to an enlarged. size equivalent at full scale in i.e drawing editor, you must convert your text size to its equivalent at full scale.
To illustrate this point, imagine you are drawing the Unit plan at full size on a very large sheet of paper. When you are done with this drawing, it will be reduced to a scale that allows it to fit on an B1/2″ x 11″sheet of paper. So you have to make your text quite large to keep it legible once it is reduced. This means that if you want text to appear l/B” high when the drawing is plotted, you must convert it to a considerably larger size when you draw it. To do this, you multiply the desired height of the final plotted. text by a scale conversion factor.
If your drawing is at l/B”=l’ scale, you multiply the desired text height, l/B”, by the scale conversion factor of 96 (Table 3.3 shows scale factors as they relate to standard drawing scales) to get a height of 12″. This is the height you must make your text to get l/B”-high text in the final plot. Table B.l shows you some other examples of text height to scale.
Organizing Text By Styles
If you understand the Multiline Text Editor and text scale, you know all you need to know to start labeling your drawings. As you expand your drawing skills and. your drawings becomes larger, you will want to start organizing your text into styles. . You can think of text styles as a way to store your most common text formatting. Styles will store text height and font information, so you don’t have to reset these options every time you enter text. But styles also include some settings not available in the Multiline Text Editor.
Creating a Style
In the prior examples, you entered text using the AutoCAD default settings for text. Whether you knew it or not, you are also using a text style: AutoCAD’s default style called Standard. The Standard style uses the AutoCAD Txt font and numerous other settings that you will learn about in this section. These other settings include width factor, obliquing, and default height.
The previous exercises in this chapter demonstrate that you can modify the formatting of a style as you enter the text. But for the most part, once you’ve set up a few styles, you won’t need to adjust settings like fonts and text height each time you enter text. You’ll be able to select from a list of styles you’ve previous created, and just start typing.
To create a style, choose Format >- Text Style and then select from the available fonts. This next exercise will show you how to create a style.
- Click Format > Text Style, or type St. The Text Style.dialog box appears.
- Click the New button in the Style Name group. The New Text Style dialog box appears .
- Enter Note1 for the name of your new style; then click OK.
- Now select a font for your style. Click the Font Name drop-down list in the Font group.
- Locate the Courier NewTrueType font and Select,
- In the Height input box, enter 6.
- Click Apply and then click Close.
Using a Type Style
Now let’s see how your new text style looks by adding more text to the Unut. dwg drawing.
- Pan your view so the balcony is centered in the AutoCAD drawing area, as shown in Figure 8.6.
- Click the Multiline Text tool on the Draw toolbar.
- Place the text boundary as shown in the top image of Figure 8.6. Notice that the font and height setting effect the Note1 style you created earlier.
- Highlight the word “Balcony,” and then click the Underline button.
- With Balcony still highlighted, click the Font height drop-down list and enter 9.
- Click the Properties tab.
- Highlight all of the text and then select Top Center from the Justification drop-down list .
- Click OK. The text appears over the balcony in the style you selected.
A newly created style becomes the default style, and you didn’t have to explicitly select your new Note1 style in order to use it.
You can also change an existing piece of text to a different style. The following steps show you how.
- Return to your previous view of the “Living Room” text.
- Type Ed and select the text.
- Click the Properties tab in the Multiline Text Editor.
- Highlight one line of the text.
- Click the Style drop-down list and select Note1. Notice that all the-text is converted to the new style.
- Click OK. The living room label is now in your Note1 style (see Figure 8.7).
Setting the Current Default Style
The last exercise showed you how you can change the style of existing text. But . suppose you want all the new text you create to be of a different style than the ” current default style. You can change the current style by using the Text Style dialog box. Here’s how it’s done.
- Click Format > Text Style, or type SU. The Text Style dialog box appears.
- Select a style name from the Style Name drop-down list, For this exercise, choose Standard to return to the Standard style.
- Click Close.
Once you’ve done this, the selected style will be the default until you select a different style. AutoCAD records the current default style wit,h Ute drawing data. when you issue a File> Save command, so that the next time you work on the file you will still have the same default style.
Understanding the Text Style Dialog Box Options
Now you know how to create a new style. As mentioned before, there are other settings in the Text Style dialog box that you didn’t apply in an exercise. Here is a listing of those settings and their purposes. Some of them, like the Width Factor, can be quite useful. Others like the Backwards and Vertical options are rarely used.
New Lets you create a new text style.
Rename Lets you rename an existing style, This option is not available for the Standard style.
Delete Deletes a style. This option is not available for the Standard style.
Font Name Lets you select a font from a list of available fonts. The list is derived from the font resources available to Windows NT or Windows 95/98, plus the standard AutoCAD fonts.
Font Style Offers variations of a font such as italic or bold, when they are available.
Height Lets you enter a font size. A 0 height has special meaning when entering text using the Dtext command, described later in this chapter.
Upside down Prints the text upside down.
Backwards Prints the text backwards.
Width Factor Adjusts the width and spacing of the characters in the text. A value of 1 keeps the text at the its normal width. Values greater than 1 expands the text While value less than 1 compress the text.
Renaming a Text Style
You can use the Rename option in the Text Style dialog box to rename a style. An alternate method is to use the Ddrename command. This is a command that allows you to rename a variety of AutoCAD settings, Here’s how to use it.
- Click Format > Rename, or enter Ren at the command prompt. The Rename dialog box appears.
- In the Named Objects list box, click Style.
- Click the name of the style you wish to change from the list to the right the name appears in the Old Name input box below the list.
- In the input box next to the Rename To button, enter the new name, click the Rename To button, and then click OK.