In the previous exercise, you were’ able to adjust the text height and font, just as you would in any word processor. You saw how you can easily underline portions of your text using the tool buttons in the editor. Other tools allow you to set the color for individual characters or words in the text, create stacked fractions, or insert special characters. Here’s a brief description of how these tools work:
- To change the color of text, highlight it and then select the color from the Text Color drop-down list.
- To turn a fraction into a stacked fraction, highlight the fraction and then click the Stack/Unstack tool.
- To add a special character, place the cursor at the location of the character and then click the Symbol tool. A drop-down list appears offering options for special characters.
The Symbol tool offers three standard options that are typical for most technical drawings: the Degree, Plus/Minus, and Diameter signs. When you select these options, AutoCAD inserts the proper AutoCAD text code in the text that corresponds to these symbols. They don’t appear in the editor as symbols. Instead, they appear as a special code. However, once you return to the drawing, you’ll see the text with the proper symbol. You’ll get a more detailed look at special symbols later in this chapter .
Adjusting the Width of the Text Boundary Window
While your text font and height is formatted correctly, it appears stacked in a way that is too tall and narrow. The following steps will show you how to change the boundary to fit the text.
- Click any part of the text you just entered to highlight it.
- Click the upper-right grip.
- Drag the grip to the right to the location shown in Figure 8.3; then click that point.
- Click any grip and then right-click the mouse and select Move.
- Move the text to a location that is more centered in the room.
AutoCAD’s word-wrap feature automatically adjusts the text formatting to fit the text boundary window. This feature is especially useful to AutoCAD users because other drawing objects often impact the placement of text. As your drawing changes, you will need to make adjustments to the location and boundary of your notes and labels.
Adjusting the Text Alignment
The text is currently aligned on the left side of the text boundary. For a label such as the one in the living room, it is more appropriate to center the text. Here’s how you can make changes to the text alignment:
- If the text is not yet selected, click it.
- Right-click, then select Properties. The Properties dialog box for the selected text appears .
- Make sure the Categorized tab is selected, then scroll down the Properties listing until you can see all of the Text options.
- Notice that the text appear the Contents input box, Also included is some special code that helps format the text. If you only wanted to make changes to the text, this is one place you could do it.
- Click the Contents label in the left-hand column. This exposes the Ellipses button to the far right.
- Click the Ellipses button. The Multiline Text Editor appears with the text.
- Click the Properties tab in the Multiline Text Editor. The editor changes to display a different set of options.
- Click the Justification drop-down list. The alignment options appear.
- Click Top Center. The living room label moves to a centered position above the second line.
- Click OK and then close the Properties dialog box. The text changes to align through the center of the text, as shown in Figure 8:4.
You can also change the justification of text in the Multiline Text Editor dialog box. Select the multiline text you want to edit, then right-click and select Properties. Click the setting just to the right of the Justify option. It becomes a drop-down list. Open the list and select the justification style you want. The text changes as you select the justification style.
Text Alignment and Osnaps
While its clear that the text is now aligned through the center of the text, one important change Occurred that is not so obvious. You may have noticed that the object alignment list offered three centered options: Top Center, Middle Center, and Bottom Center. AU three of these options have the same effect on the text’s appearance,but ~ each have a different effect on how Osnaps act upon the text. Figure 8.5 shows where the Osnap point occurs on a text boundary, depending on which alignment option is selected. A multiline text object only has one insertion point on its boundary that you can access with the Insert Osnap.
The Osnap point also appears as an extra grip point on the text boundary when you click the text. If you click the’text you just entered, you will see that a grip point now appears at the top center of the text boundary.
Knowing where the Osnap points occur can be helpful when you want to align the text with other objects in your drawing. In most cases, you can use the Osnap to align your text boundary, but the Top Center and Middle Center alignment options allow you to use the center and middle portions of your text to align the text with other objects.
Adjusting Line Spacing
Another text-editing feature that is related to text alignment is the Line Spacing option. You can adjust line spacing between the range of 0.5 and 4 times the height of the text. Here’s how it works.
- Click the words “Living Room.” The Multiline Text Editor dialog box appears.
- Select the Line Spacing tab. You see the options for line spacing.
You can select from a set of predefined line spacing values by selecting from the Line Spacing drop-down list to the far right. You can also enter a custom line spacing value by entering it into the drop-down list.
- Click the current value shown in the drop-down list ‘to the far right.
- Click OK. The Multiline Text Editor closes and the text in the drawing changes to the new line spacing.
Editing Existing Text
It is helpful to think of text in AutoCAD as a collection of text documents. Each text boundary window you place is like a separate document, To create. and edit these documents, you use the Multiline Text Editor.
You’ve already seen how you can access existing text using the Properties tool on the Object Properties .toolbar when you modified the formatting of the living room label. Of course, you can use the same tool to change the content of the text. In the following example, you’ll use a shortcut to the Multiline Text Editor dialog box to add more text to the living room label.
As with the prior exercise, you can change the formatting of the existing or new text while in the Multiline Text Editor dialog box. Notice that the formatting of the new text is the same as the text that preceded it. Just as in Microsoft Word, the formatting of text is dependent on the paragraph or word to which it l~ added. If you had added the text after the last line, it would appear In the AutoCAD Txt font and in the same 6-inch height.